What is the best definition of Singularity?
Early observations[ edit ] In during the town planning conference of London Daniel Burnham noted that "But it is not merely Rapid technological change essay the number of facts or sorts of knowledge that progress lies: One conversation centered on the ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.
Moravec extends this to include technologies from long before the integrated circuit to future forms of technology. Moravec outlines a timeline and a scenario   in which robots will evolve into a new series of artificial species, starting around — Extrapolating these trends, he speculates about a coming "mind fire" of rapidly expanding superintelligence similar to the explosion of intelligence predicted by Vinge.
Burke contends that one cannot consider the development of any particular piece of the modern world in isolation.
Rather, the entire gestalt of the modern world is the result of a web of interconnected events, each one consisting of a person or group acting for reasons of their own motivations e. The interplay of the results of these isolated events is what drives history and innovation, and is also the main focus of the series and its sequels.
Burke also explores three corollaries to his initial thesis. The first is that, if history is driven by individuals who act only on what they know at the time, and not because of any idea as to where their actions will eventually lead, then predicting the future course of technological progress is merely conjecture.
The second and third corollaries are explored most in the introductory and concluding episodes, and they represent the downside of an interconnected history.
If history progresses because of the synergistic interaction of past events and innovations, then as history does progress, the number of these events and innovations increases.
This increase in possible connections causes the process of innovation to not only continue, but to accelerate. Burke poses the question of what happens when this rate of innovation, or more importantly change itself, becomes too much for the average person to handle, and what this means for individual power, liberty, and privacy.
He identified five distinct mindsteps in human history, and the technology that accompanied these "new world views": The date of the next mindstep 5; the series begins at 0 is given aswith two further, successively closer mindsteps in anduntil the limit of the series in His speculations ventured beyond the technological: None of the mindsteps can be said to have been truly anticipated, and most were resisted at the early stages.
In looking to the future we may equally be caught unawares. We may have to grapple with the presently inconceivable, with mind-stretching discoveries and concepts. Mass use of inventions: His subsequent Hugo award -winning novel A Fire Upon the Deep starts with an imaginative description of the evolution of a superintelligence passing through exponentially accelerating developmental stages ending in a transcendentalmost omnipotent power unfathomable by mere humans.
His already mentioned influential paper on the technological singularity compactly summarizes the basic ideas.
Whenever a technology approaches some kind of a barrier, according to Kurzweil, a new technology will be invented to allow us to cross that barrier. He cites numerous past examples of this to substantiate his assertions. He predicts that such paradigm shifts have and will continue to become increasingly common, leading to "technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history.
Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to the Singularity—technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history.
The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in the universe at the speed of light.
According to Kurzweil, since the beginning of evolutionmore complex life forms have been evolving exponentially faster, with shorter and shorter intervals between the emergence of radically new life forms, such as human beings, who have the capacity to engineer i.An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense intuitive linear view.
So we won't experience years of progress in the 21st century -- it will be more like 20, years of progress (at today's rate).
The returns, such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. With the rapid change of information technology in twentieth century, internet has become a catalyst for the way people in the world to communicate and sharing or access information speedily.
Rapid technological change and the globalization of economic activity is re-structuring the North American economy, and with it the nature and future of work in Canada.
Feb 09, · The rapid pace of technological and digital change is a bigger challenge than political or environmental threats, according to a survey of tomorrow’s business leaders. Why the future doesn’t need us. Our most powerful 21st-century technologies – robotics, genetic engineering, and nanotech – are threatening to make humans an endangered species.
From the. In Medieval Technology and Social Change, Lynn White considers the effects of technological innovation on the societies of medieval Europe: the slow collapse of feudalism with the development of machines and tools that introduced factories in place of cottage industries, and the development of the manorial system with the introduction of new kinds of plows and new methods of crop rotation.